A LIST OF MANY BACKTRACK COMMANDS

A LIST OF COMMANLY USED BACKTRACK COMMANDS FOR READY REFERENCE:-

BACKTRACK Commands
1
ac
Print statistics about the time they have been connected users.
2
adduser
See useradd.
3
alias
Create shortcuts to commands, list current aliases.
4
apt-get
Tool actualizacón / remote installation packages in debian based systems.
5
arp
Lets get / manipulate the list of MAC / IP addresses that the system sees.
6
arping
Sends ARP REQUEST to other computers on the network.
7
arptables
Firewall functions similar to control iptables but arp protocol traffic.
8
at
Work program, commands, scripts for later execution.

9
atq
List scheduled jobs pending execution by the at command.
10
awk
Analysis and processing patterns in files and listings.
11
basename
Delete the path name of a file.
12
bc
Calculator and mathematical language, very powerful.
13
biosdecode
BIOS information.
14
blkid
Displays attributes of block devices (disks, usb, etc..) Such as LABEL and UUID, among others.
15
bzcat
Uncompress files using bzip2 compressed or packaged.
16
bzip2
Compressor / decompressor files.
17
bzmore
View the archive contents or packaged using bzip2.
18
lime
Displays a calendar.
19
cat
Displays the contents of files and concatenates files.
20
CD
Change directory.
21
cfdisk
Disk partitioning tool, mainly used on Debian systems.
22
chage
Change the information (expiration, revocation, etc.) of a user’s password.
23
chattr
Change extended attributes of files and directories
24
chfn
Change the information used in finger.
25
chgrp
Changes the group of a file (s) or folder (s).
26
chkconfig
Controls / query how services are running or not on startup.
27
chmod
Change the permissions of a file (s) or folder
(s).
28
chown
Changes the owner of a file (s) or folder (s).
29
chpasswd
Upgrade passwords or passwords in batch mode. Passwords can update user groups.
30
chroot
Execute commands in a restricted shell root to a directory and its subdirectories.
31
chsh
Change your default shell or login shell.
32
cleanlinks
Cleans symlinks unrelated and also removes empty directories.
33
clear
Clean the terminal.
34
cmp
Compares two files byte by byte.
35
convertquota
Converts from old formats quota.group quota.user and new formats and aquota.group aquota.user.
36
cpio
Copy, create, and extract compressed files in different formats and between teams or locally.
37
crontab
Manage files and cron for root users.
38
curl
Allows you to download or transfer url’s.
39
cut
Removes sections (columns mainly) of each line of a file or files.
40
date
Displays / sets the date and time.
41
dc
Interactive Calculator.
42
dd
Convert and copy files and file systems.
43
ddate
Displays the date in calendar format jarring.
44
df
Displays space usage of hard drives or partitions.
45
diff
Search and show differences between files.
46
dig
Props for querying DNS servers.
47
dircolors
Color setup for ls.
48
dirs
Allows you to display, manipulate the list of directories used in the stack. (See popd and pushd)
49
dmesg
Displays messages system startup (boot).
50
dmidecode
List of computer hardware BIOS directly.(Also: lshw)
51
dos2unix
Converts files from MS-DOS to Unix format / Linux.
52
du
Displays space usage of files and directories.
53
dump
Allows creation of backups for the file systems ext2 and ext3.
54
ECHO
Prints a line of text, variables, or content to a file.
55
edquota
Manages disk quota control user and group.
56
egrep
It’s like the ‘grep-E’, to use regular expressions.
57
eject
Unmount and eject removable media such as CD-ROMs.
58
env
Run a program in a modified environment.
59
ethtool
Allows you to display or change values ​​of a network card.
60
exit
Exits the current shell or terminal.
61
expect
Create sequences and dialogues with other interactive sessions programmed commands or scripts.
62
export
Exports the value of a variable.
63
exportfs
Maintains a list of file systems NFS type which have been exported.
64
expr
Mathematical expression evaluator.
65
factor
Find the primes of a given number.
66
fc
List, edit and reejecuta previously executed commands.
67
fdisk
Disk partitioning tool, common to almost all distros.
68
fgrep
It’s like ‘grep-F’ to use regular expressions in file searches and listings.
69
file
Determines the file type.
70
find
File search, multiple search options.
71
findfs
Find a filesystem by UUID or LABEL (label).
72
findsmb
List information about computers that respond to SMB packets. List a Windows network. (Part Samba)
73
finger
Displays information about the system users.
74
Fortune
Prints a random adage.
75
fping
Lets send ICMP packets (pings) to multiple computers on a network and determine if they are alive or not.
76
free
Shows the used and free space of RAM and Swap.
77
fsck
Tool to verify / repair file systems.
78
fuser
Identify processes using files or connections (sockets).
79
gawk
Analysis and processing patterns in files and listings. (Gnu version)
80
gcc
C compiler and GNU C + +.
81
gedit
GNOME text editor.
82
gpasswd
Enables management of the file / etc / group
83
gpg
Tool generation encryption and security certificates (opengpg).
84
grep
Look for patterns of strings within files.
85
groupadd
Create a new group in the system.
86
groupdel
Deletes a group in the system.
87
groupmod
Modifies a group on the system.
88
groups
Prints the groups to which a user belongs.
89
gzip
Compresses / expands files.
90
halt
Turn off the computer.
91
hdparm
Sets and displays features on the hard drives.
92
head
Displays the first lines of a file.
93
help
Help on bash internal commands.
94
history
Displays the user’s command history.
95
host
Utility consulting DNS server host.
96
hostname
Displays the computer name.
97
htpasswd
Manage files of user / password for basic authentication of Apache.
98
hwclock
Displays / Sets the date / time changes or hardware. (Date / Time System to date)
99
id
Displays the UID (User ID) and GID (Group ID) of the user
100
ifconfig
Displays / Configures the system’s network interfaces.
101
ifstat
Small utility that allows to observe statistics of network interfaces in real time.
102
init
Initialization control ejecucción level.
103
insmod
Modules inserted in the kernel.
104
ipcalc
Perform simple calculations on IP addresses.
105
ipcount
Identifying ranges of network, IP’s calculation.
106
iptab
Displays an IP address table prefix according to CIDR
107
iptables
Firewall configuration tool for Linux.
108
iptraf
Network traffic analyzer in text mode.
109
iwconfig
Set up a wireless network card.
110
iwlist
Gets details of a wireless card.
111
jobs
Displays user jobs in suspension or background.
112
kate
KDE Text Editor.
113
kill
Terminates processes, more correctly sends signals to processes.
114
killall
End processes with the same name or group.
115
last
Displays information from past users logged.
116
lastb
Displays information from the previous failed attempts to login.
117
less
Displays the contents of an archive, searchable and movement back and forth.
118
ln
Create links (shortcuts) soft and hard files and directories.
119
locale
Specific information about the local environment variables.
120
locate
Indexes and searches files. Slocate safer to use.
121
losetup
Defines and controls devices such as ‘loop’.
122
lpq
Sample documents for printing in the print queue.
123
lpr
Add a document to the print queue.
124
ls
List files and directories.
125
lshw
List of computer hardware BIOS directly.(Also: dmidecode)
126
lsmod
Displays the status of the modules in the kernel.
127
lsof
Displays open files in ejecucción program, or a user, process, etc.
128
lspci
List PCI devices in the system.
129
lsusb
List system usb devices.
130
mail
Send and receive email.
131
man
Command displays the manual indicated.
132
mc
Handler archvivos with mouse support in text mode, not every distro I have.
133
mcedit
Mc text editor.
134
md5sum
Check (and creates) files with md5 signature certification.
135
mkdir
Create directories.
136
mkfs
Build a Linux file system.
137
mkpasswd
Password generator. (Software Package ‘expect’).
138
modinfo
Displays information about kernel modules.
139
modprobe
Tool to add / remove kernel modules.
140
more
Pager similar to but less funcioanal less as it comes forward and retocede.
141
mount
Monta storage partitions enabled devices listed.
142
mtools
Set of utilities to access DOS disks from Linux.
143
mv
Moves files and directories.
144
netstat
Network Utility showing connections, routing tables, interface statistics, etc..
145
nice
Run a program with a priority other than normal ejecucción.
146
nohup
Runs a program immune to hangups and without access to a terminal.
147
openssl
Control, management, security certificate generation.
148
partprobe
Tells the operating system to the changes mentioned in / etc / fstab
149
passwd
Changes the specified user’s password.
150
ping
Send an ECHO_REQUEST (echo request) to a computer on the network.
151
pkill
Send signals to processes based on their attributes.
152
popd
Removes entries (directories used) from the list of directories used in the stack.(See dirs and pushd)
153
pr
Format or convert text files for printing.
154
ps
Displays system processes or user or both.
155
pstree
Displays processes as a tree.
156
pushd
Adds entries (directories used) in the directory list (stack or stack). (See dirs and popd)
157
pwck
Check the integrity of the file / etc / passwd
158
pwconv
Add shadow protection or sets the file / etc / passwd.
159
quota
You can see the use of user fees.
160
quotacheck
Create, verify, manage disk quota systems
161
quotaoff
Deactivates disk quotas.
162
quotaon
Active control disk quotas for users and groups.
163
rdesktop
Open graphics terminals has? Ia Windows computers.
164
reboot
Restart the computer.
165
renice
Changes the priority of a process or program ejecucción.
166
repquota
Report use of disk quotas.
167
resolveip
Solve the ip or host domain indicated.
168
rev
Reverses the lines of a file.
169
rm
Deletes or removes files.
170
route
Displays / changes the IP routing table.
171
rpm
Program installation / update / removing packages, redhat based distros.
172
runlevel
Displays the current run level and previous system.
173
scp
Copy files between computers, part of the package openssh (encrypted communication protocol).
174
screen
Virtual terminal manager.
175
thirst
Editor online file filters and transforms.
176
service
Run / stop services manually.
177
set
Displays or sets the environment variables for the user actuual.
178
sha1sum
Check (and creates) files sha1 signature certification.
179
shopt
Enables or disables variables shell optional behavior.
180
shred
Delete files securely and unrecoverable.
181
shutdown
Turn off or restart your computer.
182
sort
Sort lines of files and playlists
183
ss
Props like netstat but basic socket set fast listings.
184
ssh
Secure remote login program, openssh package program (encrypted communication protocol).
185
startx
Log X.
186
his
Change the current user indicated.
187
sudo
Allows user runs indicate that root commands.
188
sync
Forza memory blocks to disk, update the super block.
189
tac
As cat shows and / or concatenated files in reverse.
190
tail
Displays the end of a file.
191
tailf
Synonym tail-f command, lets you see in real time the end of a file, ie as you type, useful for monitoring logs.
192
tar
Tool packer / compressor files.
193
testparm
Check samba smb.conf file for errors or corrections.
194
time
Returns the time that you ran the command or program indicated.
195
top
Displays system processes interactively and continuously.
196
touch
Create empty files, change access dates and / or modification of files.
197
tput
Change values ​​or terminal capabilities, based on terminfo.
198
traceroute
Prints the route network packets to the destination.
199
tty
Print the name of the terminal on which this.
200
tzselect
Set an area or zone.
201
umask
Set permissions mask when creating directories and files.
202
umount
Unmount file systems.
203
unalias
Removes alias command, created with the alias command.
204
uname
Displays system information.
205
uniq
Omits or reports on repeated lines in a file or listing.
206
units
Converter units from one system to another, supports dozens of metrics.
207
up2date
Upgrade Tool / remote installation package (used in redhat, centos).
208
uptime
Shows how long has turned on the computer.
209
urpme
Urpmi package program to uninstall or remove packages.
210
urpmi
Upgrade Tool / remote installation packages, rpm based distros (used in mandriva).
211
useradd
Add users.
212
userdel
Removes users.
213
usermod
Modifies user information.
214
users
Displays the user names of all users currently connected to the system.
215
vi
Display visual editor, text editor, you find in all Linux distros.
216
vim
Same as vi but improved.
217
visudo
Editor for the configuration file / etc / sudoers sudo.
218
vmstat
Provides information on virtual memory.
219
w
Shows who is connected to the system and you are doing.
220
wall
Send a message to all terminals.
221
warnquota
Configure / etc / warnquota.conf to complement messages for disk quotas.
222
wc
Account words, lines, characters from a file or listing.
223
wget
File Downloader from the Internet and not interactive.
224
whatis
Short description, in a line of a command or program.
225
whereis
Locate the binary, source and / or libraries, and documentation of a comado.
226
Which
Shows the full path of a command.
227
who
Shows who is connected to the system.
228
whoami
Displays the current user.
229
xhost
Access control for X sessions
230
xkill
Mata or ends to an X client, ie a graphics program.
231
yes
Prints a string repeatedly until terminated or killed the command.
232
yum
Upgrade Tool / remote installation packages, rpm based distros (used in fedora, redhat and derivatives).
233
zcat
Unzip / sample files compressed with gunzip (identical to gunzip-c)
234
zenity
Displays various types of dialogues in X from a terminal.
235
zless
Displays the contents of compressed files.
236
zmore
Displays the contents of compressed files.

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